The Bridf History of Alcatraz Island, San Fransisco 

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Alcatraz Island in San Francisco Bay Has an Interesting History

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Indigenous Occupations - Prior to European colonization, Alcatraz Island was home to the Ohlone people, who used it for shellfish gathering and fishing.

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Civil War fort - During the American Civil War, with the construction of fortifications, Alcatraz Island served as a military fort

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Notable Lighthouse - In 1854, a lighthouse was constructed on Alcatraz Island to improve navigation in the bay.

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Military Prison - In 1861, Alcatraz became a military prison to hold military personnel who had committed crimes.

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Conversion to Federal Prison - In 1934 it was converted into a federal prison to hold dangerous and high-profile criminals.

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Notorious inmates - Alcatraz Island housed some of America's most notorious criminals, including gangster

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Escape attempts - In the last few years, there have been 14 escape attempts by 36 inmates.

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Native American Occupation - After the prison closed, Alcatraz was occupied by a group of Native American activist

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Alcatraz Today - Since 1972 the island has been managed by the National Park Service and is part of the Golden Gate.

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Iconic Status - Alcatraz has become an iconic symbol of law enforcement and the struggle for justice.

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